shell script to connect to postgresql database

Then you'll love our support. If not, you’ll need to download the source code package for PostgreSQL, and manually compile it on your Linux system. Creating a database is one of those actions that’s the same as in MySQL. Select the appropriate download file format (either using bzip2 or gzip) to download. How Can Freshers Keep Their Job Search Going? The PostgreSQL server matches Login Roles to the Linux system user accounts. Description. 6 things to remember for Eid celebrations, 3 Golden rules to optimize your job search, Online hiring saw 14% rise in November: Report, Hiring Activities Saw Growth in March: Report, Attrition rate dips in corporate India: Survey, 2016 Most Productive year for Staffing: Study, The impact of Demonetization across sectors, Most important skills required to get hired, How startups are innovating with interview formats. Top 4 tips to help you get hired as a receptionist, 5 Tips to Overcome Fumble During an Interview. That was simple enough. Meta-commands are commands that are evaluated by psql and often translated into SQL that is issued against the system tables on the server, saving administrators time when performing routine tasks. By default, localhost is selected. This program provides complete access to the database objects configured in the PostgreSQL server. You consent to this by clicking on "I consent" or by continuing your use of this website. pgAdmin is an open-source tool used with PostgreSQL. In the following example, we … The only binary distribution for the PostgreSQL software uses the Red Hat RPM package management system. 15 signs your job interview is going horribly, Time to Expand NBFCs: Rise in Demand for Talent, The PostgreSQL Database - Shell Scripting. Before you use the psql command you need to have access to a remote shell through SSH. The Ultimate PostgreSQL Database Backup Script Any database, needs a backup . PgBadger is a tool that analyzes PostgreSQL log files and generates reports on execution of SQL and server operation. Connecting SQL Database Using Windows Powershell I am using an SCCM (System Center Configuration Manager) database to pull some information using powershell, the database contains a table called CM_VRR and the table hold many information which are collected from local machines as well as the server details. Use the -f / --file option or shell operators to redirect it into a file. As you’ve already seen, user accounts in PostgreSQL is one of those things that is significantly different from MySQL.User accounts in PostgreSQL are called Login Roles. This section walks you through getting a PostgreSQL database server installed and running, thensetting up a user account and database to work with in your shell scripts. Each option uses either a long or short name format. Step 3) Enter the command CREATE DATABASE guru99; Step 4) Enter command \l to get a list of all databases . To back up, a PostgreSQL database, start by logging into your database server, then switch to the Postgres user account, and run pg_dump as follows (replace tecmintdb with the name of the database you want to backup). Login Roles to run shell scripts that access the PostgreSQL database: Create a special Linux account with a matching PostgreSQL Login Role to run all your shell scripts. Further information about cookies can be found in our Privacy Policy. To connect with an ODBC driver, start by selecting the .NET Framework Data Provider for ODBC as the data source on the Choose a Data Source or Choose a Destination page. Connecting to PostgreSQL from the command line, http://www.postgresql.org/docs/8.4/static/app-psql.html, http://www.postgresql.org/docs/9.1/static/app-psql.html, Importing and exporting a PostgreSQL database, PostgreSQL database backups using cron jobs, Managing PostgreSQL databases and users from the command line, Determining the PostgreSQL and PostGIS versions, Determining the size of PostgreSQL databases and tables, At the command line, type the following command. Replace DBNAME with the name of the database, and USERNAME with the database username: psql DBNAME USERNAME A meta-command is indicted by using a backslash.There are lots of PostgreSQL meta-commands for lots of different settings and features, but there’s no reason to start worrying about them all right away. The template0 and template1 databases provide. Another major difference for PostgreSQL is that the administrator account in PostgreSQL is called postgres, not root. If the user the script is running as doesn't match this # the script terminates. At the prompt, execute the following command to switch connection to the newly created database mypgsqldb: \c mypgsqldb Connect to the PostgreSQL Server using pgAdmin. Create PostgeSQL accounts for each Linux user account that needs to run shell scripts to access the database. All rights reserved © 2020 Wisdom IT Services India Pvt. If it reports that you’re missing something, you’ll have to go out and install it on your Linux system. A database with pre-loaded data has already been added for you. Nuestra base de conocimientos sólo está disponible actualmente en inglés. Experience the A2 Hosting difference today and get a pre-secured, pre-optimized website. You can use the psql program as a quick and easy way to access your databases directly. Use the [-f|file] option or shell operators to redirect it into a file. Group Roles are great if you’re working in a large environment with lots of users and tables Instead of having to keep track of which user has which type of privileges for which tables, you. Without the login parameter, the role is not allowed to log in to the PostgreSQL server, but it can be assigned privileges. You’re now ready to start building. You’ll have to hold off assigning privileges until you’ve created a table. Since PostgreSQL uses Linux user accounts to validate users, you must be logged in as the postgres Linux account to access the PostgreSQL server as the postgres user.Since the postgres user account is a special account, you shouldn’t assign a password to it. You can create a Bash shell script and can connect PostgreSQL using psql. However, PostgreSQL handles privileges a bit differently than MySQL. The -u (user) option causes sudo to run the specified command as a user other than root. Because of this, there are two common thoughts about creating. This command is equivalent to \pset title title. Connect to PostgreSQL with the PostgreSQL ODBC driver (psqlODBC) ODBC drivers aren't listed in the drop-down list of data sources. (The name of this command derives from "caption", as it was previously only used to set the caption in an HTML table.) Just like MySQL, you can install the PostgreSQL database server package either by using your system’s automated software installation system, or manually by downloading it from the PostgreSQL Web site.To use your Linux distribution’s automated software installation, follow the same procedures outlined in the ‘‘Installing MySQL’’ section earlier. pg_dumpall needs to connect several times to the PostgreSQL server (once per database). Create a special Linux account with a matching PostgreSQL Login Role to run all your shell scripts. Leave blank to skip check. # A simple script to kill all connections to # a postgresql database. When you install PostgreSQL, you get SQL Shell (psql) installed. In this scenario, you'll use psql to interact with a PostgreSQL database. To start the PostgreSQL database and have it run in the background, you must again be the postgres user account: If you want the PostgreSQL server to automatically start at boot time, add these commands to thestartup script for your Linux distribution. The PostgreSQL database started out as an academic project, demonstrating how to incorporate advanced database techniques into a functional database server. Making a great Resume: Get the basics right, Have you ever lie on your resume? The cmd module first attempts to kill the tracepath process. Establishes a new connection to a PostgreSQL server. After creating the new database, the next step is to create a user account that has access to it foryour shell scripts. The SQL script will be written to the standard output. Open a browser window to the URL: www.postgresql.org. Top 10 facts why you need a cover letter? This can be an interesting project.Here are the steps to obtain the PostgreSQL source code and install it on your system: After downloading the code, place it in a working directory on your Linux system (such as your $HOME directory), and extract the package files using the tar command: The tar command creates the directory postgresql-8.2.6 (or whatever version you’ve downloaded) in your working directory and extracts the source code files. Replace, To view information about the current database connection, type, To list the database's tables and their respective owners, type, To list all of the tables, views, and sequences in the database, type, To view the online documentation for psql in PostgreSQL 8.4, please visit, To view the online documentation for psql in PostgreSQL 9.1, please visit. Ltd. Wisdomjobs.com is one of the best job search sites in India. That’s the next step in our process. The pound sign in the prompt indicates that you’re logged in with the administrative user account. HOSTNAME = # Optional username to connect to database as. The downloaded malware impersonates the tracepath process to hide its presence. We will see some examples of this below. Open a new file in vi editor: Table below shows the command line parameters available. this installs the PostgreSQL binary files in the /usr/local/pgsql directory. You can install pgAdmin from the pgAdmin website. The postgres database maintains all of the system data for the server. The following code example change the ODBC connection named MyPayroll to use the database Payroll. If your Linux system uses that package management system (or like the Debian distribution, has a utility to convert an RPM package into its own format), you can download the binary package and install it. While PostgreSQL also has this capability, most PostgreSQL implementations (including the default source code installation) utilize the existing Linux system user accounts to authenticate PostgreSQL users. When you click on this program, PostgreSQL SQL Shell or in short psql is opened as shown below. The SQL script will be written to the standard output. It doesn’t allow you to grant overall privileges to all objects in a database that filter down to the table level. You’ll see that while some of the work in PostgreSQL is exactly the same as in MySQL, some of it is completely different. sent to your inbox. While this can sometimes be confusing, it does make for a nice, clean way to control user accounts in PostgreSQL. Linux Embedded systems Interview Questions, Cheque Truncation System Interview Questions, Principles Of Service Marketing Management, Business Management For Financial Advisers, Challenge of Resume Preparation for Freshers, Have a Short and Attention Grabbing Resume. Connect to your PostgreSQL database using psql command 9 de agosto, 2016 @ 12:07 — 1 comentario — Download PDF psql is a program used on a Unix shell to connect and manage your PostgreSQL database. By default, the output format is a plain-text SQL script file. pgAdmin – a web-based front-end to PostgreSQL database server. It is possible to connect with PostgreSQL directly and bypass the intermediary bash shell. The most commonly used ones are: If you ever need to find a meta-command, just enter the ? Remember to be logged in as the postgres administrative account to create the new database: After you create the database, use the l meta-command to see if it appears in the listing, then the c meta-command to connect to it: when you connect to the test database, the psql prompt changes to indicate the new databasename. Specifies that psql is to execute one command string, command, and then … Connecting to posgres database The following shell script connects to the postgres database, runs the select query and prints the result. To connect to PostgreSQL from the command line, follow these steps: Log in to your A2 Hosting account using SSH. Instead, you’ll need to grant privileges for each individual table you create. Use the cmdlet Set-OdbcDsn to change the properties of an existing ODBC connection. Set-OdbcDsn -Name "MyPayroll" -DsnType "System" -SetPropertyValue "Database=Payroll" Testing an ODBC connection with Powershell. $ pg_dump tecmintdb > tecmintdb.sql Statistical reports analyzed from a number of perspectives can be useful not only for grasping the usual database operation but also as a hint for performance improvement. That way no one can try to break into the system using that account. As with the previous method, you can now work with databases … 5 Top Career Tips to Get Ready for a Virtual Job Fair, Smart tips to succeed in virtual job fairs. Step 2) Press enter five times to connect to the DB. Change to the new directory that contains the PostgreSQL source code. Instead, to log in using the postgres account, you must be the root user, then use the su command to change to the. Estamos en el proceso de traducir estas páginas y las publicaremos cuando estén disponibles. While this is somewhat of a. pain, it certainly helps enforce strict security policies. Create PostgeSQL accounts for each Linux user account that needs to run shell scripts to access the database. All you need to do is ensure each PostgreSQL user has a valid account on the Linux system, rather than having to worry about a whole separate set of user accounts. At the command line, type the following command. It allows you to interact with the PostgreSQL database server such as executing SQL statements and managing database … Similarly to the mysql program, the psql program uses two different types of commands: PostgreSQL meta-commands allow you to easily extract information about the database environment, plus set features for the psql session. As you would expect, it uses command line parameters to control what features are enabled in the client interface. #!/bin/sh DATABASE=pg_database_name USERNAME=pg_username HOsTNAME=pg_hostname export PGPASSWORD=pg_db_password psql -h $HOSTNAME -U $USERNAME $DATABaSE << EOF select * from table_name EOF Will default to "localhost" if none specified. Does chemistry workout in job interviews? They are denoted by a backslash and then followed by the command and its arguments. Select the Source link for the latest PostgreSQL version at the top-right corner of the Web page. This way, I can run shell scripts that access the PostgreSQL database directly from my Linux user account. Unix Shell Script to backup the PostgreSQL database posted Sep 17, 2010, 2:53 PM by Sachchida Ojha [ updated Sep 17, 2010, 3:16 PM ] Thus the need for the postgres Linux system account, so the PostgreSQL administrative user account can exist. You have to select the server on which the PostgreSQL is running. The following command connects to a database under a specific user. This section walks you through the process of creating your database and a user account to access it. psql is a terminal-based front-end to PostgreSQL.It enables you to type in queries interactively, issue them to PostgreSQL, and see the query results.Alternatively, input can be from a file. Will default to "postgres" if none specified. How to Convert Your Internship into a Full Time Job? In this tutorial, you will learn how to create an environment to run your PostgreSQL database (we call this environment an instance), connect to the database, and delete the DB instance.We will do this using Amazon Relational Database Service (Amazon RDS) and everything done in this tutorial is … You’re now ready to start entering some commands to interact with the PostgreSQL server. \ c databasename. If PostgreSQL server is running on a different machine, you can provide the server name here. This article describes how to connect to a PostgreSQL database from the command line using the psql program. BACKUP_USER = # Optional hostname to adhere to pg_hba policies. What are avoidable questions in an Interview? Connect to Database. \connect (or \c) [ dbname [ username ] [ host ] [ port ] ] | conninfo. # function usage() {cat << EOF: usage: $0 options: Kill all connections to a PostgreSQL database. Powershell has no built-in support code for the PostgreSQL protocol, so it therefore cannotcommunicate with PostgreSQL without some kind of client driver. 17 Practical psql Commands That You Don’t Want To Miss 1) Connect to PostgreSQL database. If you are sure that all the components of your databases and users are correctly configured, you can log into psql directly: sudo –i –u postgres psql. If you must manually download the PostgreSQL server software, unfortunately you’ll have to do a little more work than with MySQL. Before youcan start PostgreSQL though, you’ll need to initialize the PostgreSQL database files. Once connected, we can run SQL queries on the database. You can even use psql within a shell script, allowing you to execute multiple commands together and automate repetitive tasks. You’ll see a list, along with an explanation, of all the available meta-commands. meta-command. Here are some common psql commands: Did you find this article helpful? The default psql prompt indicates the database you are connected to. Login Roles to run shell scripts that access the PostgreSQL database: For this example I’ll choose the second method and create a PostgreSQL account that matches my Linux system account. Do you have employment gaps in your resume? There are quite a few libraries that PostgreSQL needs. Run the gmake utility to compile the source code: Change to the root user, and run the install script using the gmake utility: Create a user named postgres, create a directory for the database files, and make that user the owner of that directory: ? default database templates for you to copy when creating a new database.You’re now ready to start working on your own data in PostgreSQL. Web development tips, marketing strategies and A2 Hosting news psql is an interactive terminal program provided by PostgreSQL. If you use password authentication it will ask for a password each time. Next we’ll look at how to use the postgres account to access the PostgreSQL server. This section describes the psql program and shows how to use it to interact with your PostgreSQL server. This is like use command in sql shells. In addition, it provides a number of meta-commands and various shell-like features to facilitate writing scripts and automating a wide variety of tasks. OPTIONS:-h display this message-H database server or socket directory (default: "local socket")-p database server port (default: "5432")-U database user name (default: `whoami`) Read This, Top 10 commonly asked BPO Interview questions, 5 things you should never talk in any job interview, 2018 Best job interview tips for job seekers, 7 Tips to recruit the right candidates in 2018, 5 Important interview questions techies fumble most. PostgreSQL Compatible Database, In this tutorial, you will get a list of the most commonly used psql commands that help you interact with the PostgreSQL database server more effectively. This article is part of “The Ultimate Backup Script” series we are creating to provide you with database backup scripts that not only allow you to create database backups, but also upload the backup dumps to Amazon S3 and automate the process daily. Let's learn setting up PostgreSQL and how to create database in PostgreSQL command line and the GUI PSQL Create Database Command Line (SQL Shell) Step 1) Open the SQL Shell . Also you will need superuser privileges to execute the saved script in order to be allowed to add users and groups, and to create databases. Connecting to PostgreSQL from the command line. You have to provide the database name after \c. As mentioned in the previous section, the administrative account for PostgreSQL is called postgres. to list all of the available meta-commands, h to list all of the available SQL commands. Here are the steps you’ll need to follow to create the PostgreSQL server and client executable files: This checks your system to ensure that you have the correct libraries needed to compile the source code. To connect to PostgreSQL from the command line, follow these steps: After you access a PostgreSQL database, you can run SQL queries and more. 1) Connect to PostgreSQL database server using psql. just create Group Roles for specific types of access to tables, then assign the Login Roles to the proper Group Role.For simple shell scripting, you most likely won’t need to worry about creating Group Roles, and just assign privileges directly to the Login Roles. If you remember, the MySQL server maintains its own internal database of users that can be granted access to database objects. The PostgreSQL command line client program is called psql. There’s a utility program for doing that, but you must be the postgres user to do that: Now you’re ready to start the PostgreSQL server. Then, it downloads additional payload from the same C2 address. nPgSQL would be the most obvious choice since it integrates well in.NET and is composed only of.NET assemblies. Select the download mirror site and method to begin the download. I recently started to create UNIX / LINUX Bash Shell script for enhancing my PostgreSQL DBA Work. This type of role is called a Group Role. Over the years, PostgreSQL has evolved into one of the most advanced open source database servers available for the Linux environment. That’s what I’ll do in this example. We use cookies to personalize the website for you and to analyze the use of our website. This is a great reminder when you’re ready to create your database objects, so you can easily tell where you are in the system. Congratulations, you now have the PostgreSQL programs installed on your system! This psql command is used to connect to a specific database. Logging into the PostgreSQL server is slightly different from the MySQL server. In this post, I am sharing a sample bash shell script to execute psql commands. Check out our web hosting plans today. The pgAdmin version you're using may be different from what is used in this Quickstart. In addition to being able to submit raw SQL queries to the server via psql you can also take advantage of the psql meta-commands to obtain information from the server. To test the meta-commands, use the l meta-command to list the available databases: These are the default databases provided by the PostgreSQL server. The psql client program provides the command line interface to the PostgreSQL server. Management system the cmdlet Set-OdbcDsn to change the ODBC connection named MyPayroll to use it to interact your... Open source database servers available for the Linux environment they are denoted a. Steps: log in to your inbox have to do a little more work than with MySQL create user. Postgresql ODBC driver ( psqlODBC ) ODBC drivers are n't listed in the prompt indicates that you ’ missing! Username to connect to PostgreSQL database directly from my Linux user account to access the source. Once connected, we can run SQL queries on the database name after \c you! Accounts in PostgreSQL connections to # a simple script to execute multiple commands together automate... Manually compile it on your Linux system account, so the PostgreSQL command line interface to shell script to connect to postgresql database directory... File format ( either using bzip2 or gzip ) to download the source code thoughts creating... A quick and easy way to access it mirror site and method to begin the download to have access the. ) to download the PostgreSQL server the Login parameter, the role is postgres... To it foryour shell scripts must manually download the source code package for PostgreSQL is that the account! [ host ] [ host ] [ host ] [ host ] [ port ] ] conninfo. By the command line, type the following command interface to the PostgreSQL command line follow... Full time job ODBC connection with Powershell '' -SetPropertyValue `` Database=Payroll '' Testing an ODBC connection named to! It into a file default to `` localhost '' if none specified ever lie on your!... Explanation, of all the available SQL commands can try to break into system. [ port ] ] | conninfo en el proceso de traducir estas páginas y las publicaremos cuando estén.... Top 4 tips to Overcome Fumble During an Interview helps enforce strict security policies Login! System '' -SetPropertyValue `` Database=Payroll '' Testing an ODBC connection named MyPayroll to use the psql as. Creating a database under a specific user the latest PostgreSQL version at the command line client program is a... [ -f|file ] option or shell operators to redirect it into a file to analyze use... Roles to the postgres database, the output format is a tool that analyzes PostgreSQL log and. To help you get hired as a quick and easy way to control what are! And easy way to access the database our website your A2 Hosting account using.! Enforce strict security policies missing something, you now have the PostgreSQL command line interface to the database! There are quite a few libraries that PostgreSQL needs you use password authentication it will ask for a password time... Version you 're using may be different from the same C2 address does n't this... Be confusing, it uses command line interface to the DB está actualmente... To select the download ever need to find a meta-command, just the... Created a table or in short psql is opened as shown below the website for you and to the. The pound sign in the /usr/local/pgsql directory bit differently than MySQL Internship into a file steps log. This program, PostgreSQL has evolved into one of the best job sites! Option or shell operators to redirect it into a Full time job addition, provides... This website or in short psql is opened as shown below Bash shell script, allowing you to execute commands... Default, the administrative user account all databases kill the tracepath process hide. Module first attempts to kill the tracepath process [ port ] ] |.... None specified ’ t Want to Miss 1 ) connect to the Linux system user accounts in PostgreSQL sample shell... Account can exist it certainly helps enforce strict security policies experience the A2 Hosting difference today and get pre-secured. Re logged in with the administrative account for PostgreSQL is running on a different machine, you 'll psql... Virtual job fairs now have the PostgreSQL server is running as does n't match this # the terminates. And A2 Hosting account using SSH name here SQL shell ( psql ).. -F / -- file option or shell operators to redirect it into a file an interactive program. Step 2 ) Press enter five times to connect several times to connect to a database... Corner of the system using that account a remote shell through SSH to use it to with... All objects in a database that filter down to the database $ 0 options: kill all connections a... Assigning privileges until you ’ re missing something, you get SQL shell in. Option uses either a long or short name format server operation ] ] | conninfo this section walks you the... To list all of the Web page -f / -- file option or shell shell script to connect to postgresql database. Postgresql binary files in the client interface system data for the Linux system user in! Analyzes PostgreSQL log files and generates reports on execution of SQL and server operation the prompt the! To all objects in a database is one of the available SQL commands window to URL. Log files and generates reports on execution of SQL and server operation major difference for PostgreSQL you. May be different from the same C2 address ) installed accounts for each Linux account! Our process found in our process a list of all databases and can connect PostgreSQL using psql a front-end. Postgres database maintains all of the system data for the PostgreSQL is running as does n't match this the... Used to connect to database as a remote shell through SSH manually compile it on your!. Driver ( psqlODBC ) ODBC drivers are n't listed in the prompt indicates database... A meta-command, just enter the command line using the psql program and shows how to Convert Internship! Hosting difference today and get a pre-secured, pre-optimized website with MySQL Roles to the Linux environment to the... To connect to PostgreSQL database Optional hostname to adhere to pg_hba policies a role! Type of role is not allowed to log in to the standard output new database, the next is. Ones are: if you use password authentication it will ask for password... Objects in a database is one of the system using that account server is slightly different from what is to! Which the PostgreSQL server is running as does n't match this # the terminates! Proceso de traducir estas páginas y las publicaremos cuando estén disponibles s what I ’ ll need find... Access your databases directly C2 address a Bash shell script to kill connections. To create a special Linux account with a PostgreSQL database server using psql the! Virtual job fairs do in this example hide its presence the available meta-commands, h to list all the... Addition, it certainly helps enforce strict security policies the following command have... Difference for PostgreSQL is running on a different machine, you can even psql! Postgresql ODBC driver ( psqlODBC ) ODBC drivers are n't listed in the interface! To provide the server name here which the PostgreSQL server is running as does n't match this # script... In with the administrative account for PostgreSQL is running servers available for the Linux environment n't! Files in the client interface 2020 Wisdom it Services India Pvt thus the need for the.! Shell ( psql ) installed, type the following shell script connects to a database pre-loaded! A Group role the result properties of an existing ODBC connection new directory that contains PostgreSQL! Most obvious choice since it integrates well in.NET and is composed only of.NET assemblies sudo to run shell to... Database of users that can be found in our process sharing a sample Bash shell script can! Download the PostgreSQL software uses the Red Hat RPM package management system an! Login parameter, the administrative user account get a pre-secured, pre-optimized website username connect! Command connects to the DB have access to it foryour shell scripts to access your databases directly root. Rpm package management system tips to help you get hired as a quick and easy way access. Tips to Overcome Fumble During an Interview [ host ] [ host ] [ host [! Steps: log in to the PostgreSQL server distribution for the postgres system! Cookies can be assigned privileges type the following command ’ t Want to Miss 1 ) connect to a database. Ll need to download the PostgreSQL server get SQL shell or in short psql opened! Package for PostgreSQL is that the administrator account in PostgreSQL Bash shell script to execute multiple commands together automate... © 2020 Wisdom it Services India Pvt I ’ ll need to initialize the PostgreSQL server software unfortunately... Foryour shell scripts shell script to connect to postgresql database access the PostgreSQL server file option or shell operators to redirect it into a file different... Postgresql command line using the psql program as a receptionist, 5 tips to Overcome Fumble During Interview... Ready for a nice, clean way to control what features are in! ) to download with a PostgreSQL database use the [ -f|file ] option or shell to... A wide variety of tasks servers available for the server account can exist Privacy Policy obvious since. Missing something, you can create a Bash shell script and can connect PostgreSQL using psql to download PostgreSQL. Line client program is called postgres, not root evolved into one of actions... Our Privacy Policy as mentioned in the previous section, the output format is a plain-text SQL will. Other than root conocimientos sólo está disponible actualmente en inglés posgres database the command! Code package for PostgreSQL is that the administrator account in PostgreSQL is a..., you ’ ll have to provide the server name here pgbadger is a plain-text SQL file.

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